National Symbols of Costa Rica

You might not be aware that Costa Rica has several National Symbols which identifies its history and traditions.

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Guaria Morada

The national flower is the guaria morada (Cattleya skinneri). This purple orchid blooms during the months of February and March.

Guanacaste Tree

The national tree is the Guanacaste Tree(Enterolobium ciclocarpum), this tree provides an enormous shadow.  The name of the tree comes from an indigenous language and it translates to “ear” due to the seed that this tree produces which resembles the shape of an ear.

Yiguirro

The national bird is the Yiguirro (Turdus grayi) and it issaid that the singing of this bird is a calling for rain.

Tipical Oax-cart

The National Work Symbol is the ox-cart (carreta costarricense).

This cart was used during the colonial period for the transportation of sugar cane, tobacco, and coffee. Thus, it became a very important factor in the development of agricultural activity of Costa Rica. The oax cart is used in all of Central America, however the one of Costa Rica is unique in the way it is decorated with geometric shapes, flowers and animals.

National Flag

National Emblem

The National Anthem of Costa Rica

"¡Noble Patria, tu hermosa bandera

expresión de tu vida nos da:

bajo el límpido azul de tu cielo

blanca y pura descansa la paz.

En la lucha tenaz de fecunda labor

que enrojece del hombre la faz,

conquistaron tus hijos --labriegos sencillos--

eterno prestigio, estima y honor.

¡Salve, oh tierra gentil! ¡Salve, oh madre de amor!

Cuando alguno pretenda tu gloria manchar,

verás a tu pueblo valiente y viril

la tosca herramienta en arma trocar.

¡Salve, oh Patria! Tu prodigo suelo

dulce abrigo y sustento nos da.

Bajo el límpido azul de tu cielo

¡Vivan siempre el Trabajo y la Paz!"

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